All vessels larger than 5000 GT calling EU port are required to Monitor, Report and Verify (MRV) CO2 emission i.e. fuel burnt. The regulation entered in to force from 1st July 2015 and data collection will be per voyage basis and starts 1 January 2018.
All vessels will have a ship’s specific monitoring plan and should be verified by monitoring authorised verifier which is any of the classification society.
Purpose – To record per unit of cargo or passenger carried. All data will be sent to European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) central database, and first emission and efficiency data will be published by the European Commission by 30 June 2019, and then it will be published every year. It will identify the efficient design of ships and on that basis efficient ships may have to pay less port dues. High emission vessels will pay higher port dues. By 2025 all new ships built will be 30% more energy efficient than those built in 2013.
It is only including CO2, no SO2 or NOx are included in reporting database. All fuel consumption during port stay or manoeuvring has to be included in reporting. Time spent at sea is calculated basis berth to berth in formation from port arrival departure information and any waiting in anchorage to be excluded from sea time. The port call is considered only for cargo or passenger operation; bunkering, port of refuse or shelter is excluded from reporting. There are lot of methods applied to new ships to reduce fuel consumption and make them more and more efficient. Read our article on Fuel saving methods.
Reporting – vessel has to submit the data every voyage.
The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of IMO in the 69th session meeting at IMO Headquarters in London (18 to 22 April) has approved draft amendments to the MARPOL, it is mandatory fuel consumption data collection system, intended to be the first in a three-step process in which analysis of the data collected. It would provide the basis for an objective, transparent and inclusive policy debate in the MEPC. Key features of this policy is as below;
- To date, IMO is the only Organization to have adopted energy-efficiency measures that are legally binding across an entire global industry.
- Due to new measures by 2025 all new ships built will be 30% more energy efficient than those built in 2013.
- IMO would be required to produce an annual report to the MEPC, summarizing the data collected. Data would be anonymized so individual ship data would not be recognized.
- This would allow a decision to be made on whether any further measures are needed to enhance energy efficiency and address greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping.
“Under the system, ships of 5,000 gross tonnage and above will be required to collect consumption data for each type of fuel they use, as well as other, additional, specified data including proxies for transport work. The aggregated data will be reported to the flag State after the end of each calendar year and the flag State, having determined that the data has been reported in accordance with the requirements, will issue a Statement of Compliance to the ship. Flag States will be required to subsequently transfer this data to the IMO Ship Fuel Consumption Database.”
Source – International Maritime organization